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Geologic map of the Silver Zone Pass quadrangle, Elko County, Nevada [MAP AND TEXT]
Geol Silver Zone Pass

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Title: Geologic map of the Silver Zone Pass quadrangle, Elko County, Nevada

Author: David M. Miller and Linda L. Berg
Year: 2022
Series: Map 192
Format: 1 sheet: 37 x 27 inches, cross sections, color; text: 8 pages, color
Scale: 1:24,000

This 1:24,000-scale geologic map of the Silver Zone Pass quadrangle lies in the southern Toano Range in Elko County, Nevada. Metamorphic and sedimentary strata of the quadrangle range from Neoproterozoic to Permian in age. Important intrusions include the Late Jurassic (ca. 159 Ma) Silver Zone Pass pluton and Cretaceous Toano Spring pluton. In particular, the Silver Zone Pass pluton involves undeformed dikes that crosscut metamorphic foliations and the pluton is associated with pluton-margin anticlines. Interpretation of these characteristics suggests that the pluton was syn-kinematic with respect to metamorphism and strain, thus requiring a phase of Late Jurassic deformation. A Miocene rhyolite lava is of particular interest as one of the few topaz-bearing volcanic rocks in Nevada. A major detachment fault places non-metamorphosed Paleozoic rocks over low-grade Paleozoic and Proterozoic rocks. High-angle normal faults tilted the range in several blocks, and Miocene Humboldt Formation were deposited on, and faulted against, bedrock. Rocks of the Toano Range are bounded by broad valleys on the east and west, with the eastern basin being at much lower elevation than the western basin. Pleistocene lakes, which created distinctive beach deposits, occupied both basins, with Lake Bonneville on the east and Lake Waring on the west. Silver Zone Pass owes its low relief to the enhanced weathering and erosion of the rock within the pass, a granodiorite pluton. The weathering has created some unusual landforms such as tors.

This geologic map was prepared in cooperation with the U.S. Geological Survey and was funded in part by the USGS National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program under STATEMAP award number G20AC00390, 2020.

Suggested Citation:
Miller, D.M., and Berg, L.L., 2022, Geologic map of the Silver Zone Pass quadrangle, Elko County, Nevada: Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Map 192, scale 1:24,000, 8 p.

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